Flora and Vegetation
According to the 2013 forest inventory data, Pinus sylvestris, Quercus robur, and Populus tremula forests prevail in the Reserve: these species dominated in 33.2%, 31.3%, and 15.0% of the area, respectively. Forests dominated by Betula spp. (B. pendula and B. pubescens) occupied 3.7%. The area dominated by Alnus glutinosa - 6.2%.
Herbaceous communities on dry, moderately moist, and damp (but not swamped) soils covered 2.3%; swamps occupied 2.2%.
The Quercus robur area includes areas dominated by other broad-leaved trees such as Tilia cordata, Fraxinus excelsior, Acer platanoides, A. campestre, Ulmus glabra, and U. laevis, which occupy small but ever-increasing areas in the Reserve.
More information about the vegetation of the Voronezh Reserve can be found in the published book:
European Russian Forests. Their Current State and Features of Their History. Editors Olga V. Smirnova, Maxim V. Bobrovsky, Larisa G. Khanina. Plant and Vegetation. Vol.15. Springer, 2017, P. 410-444. (https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1172-0).